Saturday, April 25, 2015

Impostor Nabbed


Brave Heart

“The one real true story in the family was the one I was hiding, and nobody knew about it,” he said. “The one thing that could really make a difference in people’s lives was right here in my soul, and I could not tell that story.”

Jenner is willing to be a role model and help educate the world on transgender issues.

Radar Online quoted his mother, Esther Jenner, as confirming the news and saying she was prouder of him now than when he won his gold medal.


Friday, April 24, 2015

True Giving

“I slept and I dreamed that life is all joy. I woke and I saw that life is all service. I served and I saw that service is joy.”
― Kahlil Gibran

“For it is in giving that we receive.”
― Francis of Assisi

Brené Brown

Owning our story can be hard but not nearly as difficult as spending our lives running from it. Embracing our vulnerabilities is risky but not nearly as dangerous as giving up on love and belonging and joy—the experiences that make us the most vulnerable. Only when we are brave enough to explore the darkness will we discover the infinite power of our light.
― Brené Brown

We cultivate love when we allow our most vulnerable and powerful selves to be deeply seen and known, and when we honor the spiritual connection that grows from that offering with trust, respect, kindness and affection.

Love is not something we give or get; it is something that we nurture and grow, a connection that can only be cultivated between two people when it exists within each one of them – we can only love others as much as we love ourselves.

Shame, blame, disrespect, betrayal, and the withholding of affection damage the roots from which love grows. Love can only survive these injuries if they are acknowledged, healed and rare.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

Don't try to win over the haters; you are not a jackass whisperer.
― Brené Brown, Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead

You are imperfect, you are wired for struggle, but you are worthy of love and belonging.
― Brené Brown

I define connection as the energy that exists between people when they feel seen, heard, and valued; when they can give and receive without judgment; and when they derive sustenance and strength from the relationship.
― Brené Brown

Vulnerability is the birthplace of innovation, creativity and change.
― Brené Brown

Authenticity is a collection of choices that we have to make every day. It's about the choice to show up and be real. The choice to be honest. The choice to let our true selves be seen.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

We cannot selectively numb emotions, when we numb the painful emotions, we also numb the positive emotions.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

Courage starts with showing up and letting ourselves be seen.
― Brené Brown, Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead

Because true belonging only happens when we present our authentic, imperfect selves to the world, our sense of belonging can never be greater than our level of self-acceptance.
― Brené Brown, Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead

Vulnerability sounds like truth and feels like courage. Truth and courage aren't always comfortable, but they're never weakness.
― Brené Brown, Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead

If we can share our story with someone who responds with empathy and understanding, shame can't survive.
― Brené Brown, Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead

The dark does not destroy the light; it defines it. It's our fear of the dark that casts our joy into the shadows.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

Faith is a place of mystery, where we find the courage to believe in what we cannot see and the strength to let go of our fear of uncertainty.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

Shame corrodes the very part of us that believes we are capable of change.
― Brené Brown, I Thought It Was Just Me: Women Reclaiming Power and Courage in a Culture of Shame

Imperfections are not inadequacies; they are reminders that we're all in this together.
― Brené Brown

Understanding the difference between healthy striving and perfectionism is critical to laying down the shield and picking up your life. Research shows that perfectionism hampers success. In fact, it's often the path to depression, anxiety, addiction, and life paralysis.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

Vulnerability is the birthplace of love, belonging, joy, courage, empathy, and creativity. It is the source of hope, empathy, accountability, and authenticity. If we want greater clarity in our purpose or deeper and more meaningful spiritual lives, vulnerability is the path.
― Brené Brown, Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead

When I look at narcissism through the vulnerability lens, I see the shame-based fear of being ordinary. I see the fear of never feeling extraordinary enough to be noticed, to be lovable, to belong, or to cultivate a sense of purpose.
― Brené Brown, Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead

If you trade your authenticity for safety, you may experience the following: anxiety, depression, eating disorders, addiction, rage, blame, resentment, and inexplicable grief.
― Brené Brown

To love someone fiercely, to believe in something with your whole heart, to celebrate a fleeting moment in time, to fully engage in a life that doesn’t come with guarantees – these are risks that involve vulnerability and often pain. But, I’m learning that recognizing and leaning into the discomfort of vulnerability teaches us how to live with joy, gratitude and grace.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

What we know matters but who we are matters more.
― Brené Brown, Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead

Nostalgia is also a dangerous form of comparison. Think about how often we compare our lives to a memory that nostalgia has so completely edited that it never really existed.
― Brené Brown

If we share our shame story with the wrong person, they can easily become one more piece of flying debris in an already dangerous storm.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

I now see how owning our story and loving ourselves through that process is the bravest thing that we will ever do.
― Brené Brown

If you want to make a difference, the next time you see someone being cruel to another human being, take it personally. Take it personally because it is personal!
― Brené Brown, I Thought It Was Just Me: Women Reclaiming Power and Courage in a Culture of Shame

Healthy striving is self-focused: "How can I improve?" Perfectionism is other-focused: "What will they think?”
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

Spirituality is recognizing and celebrating that we are all inextricably connected to each other by a power greater than all of us, and that our connection to that power and to one another is grounded in love and compassion. Practicing spirituality brings a sense of perspective, meaning and purpose to our lives.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

Staying vulnerable is a risk we have to take if we want to experience connection.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

Perfectionism is a self destructive and addictive belief system that fuels this primary thought: If I look perfect, and do everything perfectly, I can avoid or minimize the painful feelings of shame, judgment, and blame.
― Brené Brown, The Gifts of Imperfection: Let Go of Who You Think You're Supposed to Be and Embrace Who You Are

Fear of Groups

Did you ever see this documentary? I am still afraid of groups of people.


I remember when it was unfolding...

The Hidden Message of Parenting


Dorothy Walters


Intelligence + Worry

Are Worrying and Intelligence Linked?
By Rick Nauert PhD

Are Worrying and Intelligence Linked?A new study suggest worrying is a beneficial trait that evolved in association with intelligence.
Jeremy Coplan, MD, and colleagues came to this conclusion by matching brain activity with depletion of the nutrient choline in the subcortical white matter of the brain.
According to the researchers, this suggests that intelligence may have co-evolved with worry in humans.
“While excessive worry is generally seen as a negative trait and high intelligence as a positive one, worry may cause our species to avoid dangerous situations, regardless of how remote a possibility they may be,” said Dr. Coplan.
“In essence, worry may make people ‘take no chances,’ and such people may have higher survival rates. Thus, like intelligence, worry may confer a benefit upon the species.”
In current study, researchers were interested in learning the relationship between anxiety and intelligence in patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).
Study participants were compared with healthy volunteers to assess the relationship among intelligence quotient (IQ), worry, and subcortical white matter metabolism of choline.
Investigators studied 18 healthy volunteers (eight males and 10 females) and 26 patients with GAD (12 males and 14 females) served as subjects.
In a control group of normal volunteers, high IQ was associated with a lower degree of worry, but in those diagnosed with GAD, high IQ was associated with a greater degree of worry.
Previous studies have indicated that excessive worry tends to exist both in people with higher intelligence and lower intelligence, and less so in people of moderate intelligence. It has been hypothesized that people with lower intelligence suffer more anxiety because they achieve less success in life.
The results of their study has been published in a recent edition of Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience.

We had a TV Studio in my Gradeschool


Lit Up

Last night I went out to talk to Sebastian the teen next door. It was dark out and the parking lot was pitch black. He was standing at the corner of the building. Wow, your eyelashes are making cool shadows lit up by your cellphone, I said. As we chatted and the police drove by. I told you, they're everywhere, I said. Please call on us if you need anything. We don't have kids but we are not afraid of teens. My husband is a high school teacher and I have been one too. I ran away from home! I know it is not easy growing up. It took me 40 years before I was happy. Don't worry we will not have the drugs discussion with your mom. I appreciate that, he said. Does my 4:am classical music bother you? I asked. No, he said. You can tell me shut it off. My kitchen sink is at his bedroom window. No, it doesn't bother me, I sleep through everything, he said. I promise I won't vacuum at that hour. He smiled. I usually see his light go off at 3:30 AM as mine comes on. He looks just like the boy I had a crush on when I was 15, and in High School, Mike Aboudi was his name, I told my husband. He had black curly hair. Mike was Armenian. Sebastian is Lebanese and Portuguese.

4:AM Dream

A disfigured woman came to the back door of our kitchen begging like a stray cat. We let her in and started finding her food. We were cooking at the time and two things were on the stove. The woman took off a rubber mask and wig and shook out her suburban blonde hair. She looked familiar, from some scary real life unsolved murder TV show. I tried to get out through a porch door to call 911. I couldn't because doors were locked from the outside. I panicked. I told Bill I had to get something and found a way out and ran into a friend who was standing on the bed of a green truck downtown. Justin, Do you have a phone on you? Please call 911 send them to my house. I was terrified Bill was going to get caught off guard by this woman. I woke up.

S was in our care and was listening Bob Dylan songs. You love Bob Dylan, Me too I said. I love them! S wanted to show his girlfriend my poems. I gave S a stack of bolos levedos (Portuguese sweet muffins) they were my "poems" in the dream. Go in the other room to phone her, but come back in a half hour I said. On his way into the other room he helped himself to a liquor cabinet. I forgot we even had one. Did you tell him it's homemade wine? I asked my husband. No, he replied. We made S pizza with grated carrots in the crust.

I was in a car with Jon F and his mother Marge, we drove downtown and cows were lying down. I thought they were rugs I said, until they moved! They were magenta, green, blue. They lifted their heads as we drove by. I said to Marge You knew how to give your kids boundaries, something we never had.

Thursday, April 23, 2015

Preventing Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

Properly drying and storing farm products can help prevent hypersensitivity pneumonitis. The fungus spores that cause farmer's lung grow only in moist conditions. Proper ventilation and using respiratory masks can also help prevent the condition.

If you begin to have symptoms of hypersensitivity pneumonitis from work exposure, the disease can be stopped if it is identified early enough. You can prevent permanent lung damage by stopping exposure to the dust. If control measures do not work or are not possible, you may have to change jobs.

In-Depth Resources for Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

Sun Hill Press

Letterpress Printing High Street North Brookfield Massachusetts run by lovely Darryll & Elizabeth Hyder.
Darrell Hyder
Sun Hill Press


23 High St.
N. Brookfield, MA USA 01535
Tel (508) 867-7274

“What we do is printing, of course. But quite as much, we also design most of the work that goes out our door… our letterpress printing looks, feels, and is different: comfortable, legible, and humane. What do we produce, and for whom? Our work includes brochures, broadsides, announcements, notices, letterheads, certificates, cards, envelopes, booklets, labels, posters, folders, memorial publications, and books. Among our customers are clubs, individuals, publishers, other designers and printers, libraries, museums, societies, and corporations.”

Osho + Kundalini

Many people start their journey towards God, truth, samadhi, because they have had a certain glimpse somewhere. Maybe through drugs, maybe through sexual orgasm, maybe through music, or sometimes accidentally. Sometimes a person falls from a train, is hit on the head and he has a glimpse. I'm not saying make a method of that! But I know this has happened. A certain centre in the head is hit by accident and the person has a glimpse, an explosion of light. Never again will he be the same; now he will start searching for it. This is possible. The probable is no longer probable, it has become possible. Now he has some inkling, some contact. He cannot rest now.


My story is a little different. Religion didn't bore me, it confused me because as far back as I could remember I always had an inner sense of something I knew wasn't Wonder Bread and I became increasingly troubled by religion asking me to be something I was not. To violate that undeveloped but strong sense of the connection to God. By the time I was 16 I was old enough to have the courage of my convictions and quit the church. I got a fair amount of opposition but I knew my own mind and wouldn't budge. In university I minored in comparative religion and experimented with drugs in a group of students in NY that were pretty much on the same track as Leary and Alpert at Harvard. We all had discovered Huxley's Doors of Perception and were trying to take exactly the kind of short cut that Osho is talking about in the passage quoted above. We obtained peyote and later the more technically inclined in our group cooked up LSD. I realize now that my young ego was mostly scared of losing control or getting hooked. I had absolutely no understanding of spiritual practice. The first time I took LSD it was with a guy who was published poet but who was a shadow of his former self through taking speed. What I did learn from my early encounter with drugs was that the perceptions we have when sober are not the only way to experience the world. By my 30s my interest in drugs had lessened and I came to despise the sense of having something in my system driving my experience. In my early 40s I had a spontaneous satori experience lasting about half an hour after a session with a Jungian therapist that undeniably confirmed for me that such experiences were possible without drugs - they could just arise. Much later in my 40s I did Grof's holotropic breathing which is in a way similar to drugs like LSD because it uses a non drug technique to overwhelm the everyday mind. I had much more powerful experiences than I ever had on any drug. But it wasn't a satori experience - more being plunged directly into the world of dreams. Naturally, I kept searching for a way to make the experience of satori obtainable at will or permanent. I worked with my dreams, I tried all sorts of meditation, studied and practiced bodywork. In my 50s my eldest son died of an overdose of heroin. Spiritual practice was suddenly a more serious matter. Some years later I developed heart arrhythmia and began to take better care of my health. I walked daily and worked with saying malas as I walked through the bush with a friend's dog. I didn't know it but I was developing self discipline for the first time in my life. Something quite different than taking a pill and expecting enlightenment. My son's death created a certain inner ruthlessness that made self discipline possible. All these things changed me incrementally - but I got only glimpses of the 'mini satori' experience I had had years earlier. Then in early 2009 I got interested in rereading Wilhelm's The Secret of the Golden Flower. I noticed the reviews of JJ Semple's GFM books on Amazon and ordered both of JJ's books and the original. I began to do GFM and after about 6 months I went on a long plane journey. I got dehydrated and was sitting in a transit lounge in a daze sipping liquid when I noticed that my consciousness had changed. Creativity was flowing steadily up through the diaphragm area. I was functioning in a new way. This time it lasted. It isn't the same as that mini satori, but it is similar and more reliable. I recently encountered some old meditation friends who have pretty will stopped meditating but are still using drugs and - as far as I can tell from the outside - haven't changed a lot. When they offer me wine or smoke I just decline but it made me realize that I will occasionally drink wine with food and friends I feel comfortable relaxing with. What I do every day is a series of Tia Chi exercises, and Tai Chi itself followed by GFM. I don't know where it is leading but I can say this. It is getting easier and easier to make myself do it every morning because of the way it makes me feel inside. A bit like an addiction but with an important difference. It keeps me changing and developing. I can work through painful personal problems more easily than I could in the past. Even solutions to simple physical problems like how to organize my kitchen come to me more easily. And the frequency with which I can breathe into my lower abdomen as I go about the day is increasing. Right now as I sit at the computer I can connect my breath right down to my lower abdomen more easily and fully than I could a month ago. That's good enough for me!

-Lorenz Gude

For more on this topic, visit the Kundalini & Drugs thread on the Golden Flower Forum.

Pamela Druckerman: Food Flow

It turns out that the best part of going with the food flow isn’t the health benefits or the cuisine, it’s the conversation. You can finally talk about something else.
Great Article

Goethe's Daring Ideas

If you treat an individual as he is, he will remain how he is. But if you treat him as if he were what he ought to be and could be, he will become what he ought to be and could be.
― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

One ought, every day at least, to hear a little song, read a good poem, see a fine picture, and, if it were possible, to speak a few reasonable words.
― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship

Whatever you can do or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius, power and magic in it!
― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Daring ideas are like chessmen moved forward. They may be beaten, but they may start a winning game.
― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

A man should hear a little music, read a little poetry, and see a fine picture every day of his life, in order that worldly cares may not obliterate the sense of the beautiful which God has implanted in the human soul.
― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

I have possessed that heart, that noble soul, in whose presence I seemed to be more than I really was, because I was all that I could be.
― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

We do not have to visit a madhouse to find disordered minds; our planet is the mental institution of the universe.
― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang Goethe

Performing Artist Lara Herscovitch sent me this today. A perfect quote.

'Whatever you can do or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius, power and magic in it!'
—Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

So Proud

My amazing beautiful wide open talented heart felt nephew Wes Markusfeld is graduating from college UNC Asheville, in a few days. Saturday May 9th. I am so proud of him. He visited in January and it was magical.

John Mensinger


I wrote this email to a friend this morning when I arrived at the office, and would like to share it with you. West Warwick and Woonsocket have much in common:

"I have a route to work in the morning that takes me through the hard-scrabble mill village of Crompton in West Warwick. I choose this route over the "strip-mauled" highway because it gives me a view of the real world. Like in most of West Warwick, the population here struggles just to survive. The housing stock is faded, the lots are small. Nothing has changed since the days when the now closed mills were thriving with textile manufacturing. Life remains hard for people on the low end of the ladder.

I often get behind a school bus that stops in front of a small nondescript house that sits high above the street, behind an ancient granite retaining wall. It's 10 past 7 AM. I stop as the red lights flash, and I put my car in "park" to observe the scene as it unfolds over the next five minutes. Today I was lucky to be right behind the bus, and I immediately suspended all thoughts of what awaited me at the office today.

The bus attendant goes to the rear of the vehicle to lower the handicap lift at the rear. A woman appears at the front door of the house, about 35, with a determined, competent air about her. She's been awake for a while, and I can tell she has a long day ahead of her. Most of the time she's dressed smartly for her job, obviously an office position, professional environment; other days, like today, she's in her bathrobe and slippers, hair flying. She pulls the wheelchair over the threshold of the door backwards onto the covered porch, and her severely disabled son appears, about 12, arms twisted and agitated, head back and tilted, mouth open, mumbling distractedly; she then moves the chair to the small elevator at the end of the porch adjoining the driveway (big enough for just the one car, an older Nissan sedan). After strapping the chair down, she presses the button and then walks quickly back to the front door, down the steps and jumps over the wall into the driveway to get there before the elevator touches down.

This is when her face comes alive! She greets the bus attendant with glee - the world couldn't be a better place! She speaks animatedly to her son, with joy and confidence that his day will be happy. There is no burden here. She stokes his cheek, smiles, talks to him and wishes him well. She stands there, today in the rain, as the attendant straps the chair to the bus lift and begins to load the boy for his journey. She reaches up to brush his forehead as he ascends, offering him one last smile, all her love and affection, without the slightest hint of having endured any hardship. And finally, as the door closes, she modestly folds her arms across her chest and purposefully but contentedly strides back to the house to begin the next part of her "work-day"

This happens every day; and every time that I am privileged to watch this compassionate, loving scene unfold, I cry. I'm crying now. People are SO good. I am so fortunate to spend time in their company. Let me be like them."



Computer Hellscape

On the northwest side of Agbogbloshie, boys built a bridge with old monitors. There are so many monitors in Agbogbloshie that it was turned into a raw material for construction. Towers are built from keyboards and refrigerators are used as walls for houses.

Amazing Photgrapher Joseph O. Holmes


Nutrition and Physical Degenration

Chapter one here.

Birch, Juniper Maple!

Juniper, Birch, and Maple tree pollen is out. The wind carries it. It is so severe look at this map. We are at 10.4, tomorrow 10.7 Monday it will be off the charts.

Vladimir Nabokov

It's the birthday of Vladimir Nabokov, born in St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1899. He was the first of five children; his father was a lawyer and politician, and the family were well-to-do members of the minor nobility. He grew up with access to a lavish library, and was trilingual, fluent in English and French, as well as his native Russian, from an early age. When he was 17, he inherited an estate from his uncle, but he lost it the following year in the Bolshevik Revolution, and he was never to own a house again. The family fled St. Petersburg during the revolution, and in 1919 they settled in Western Europe: first England, where Nabokov attended Cambridge, and then Berlin, where his father was shot and killed at a political rally in 1922.

Nabokov left Berlin in 1936 with his wife, Vera, who was Jewish, and their son; they moved to Paris but left again in 1940 to escape the Nazi advance. They settled in the United States, where he wrote and pursued the life of the academic nomad, moving from rented house to rented house and teaching at a series of colleges. In 1961, the success of his famously controversial novel Lolita (1953), and its subsequent film adaptation, enabled him to retire and write full time, and the Nabokovs moved to a hotel in Switzerland, where they lived until his death in 1977.

He wrote his first nine novels in Russian and then began writing in English, although he mourned the loss of his native language. He wrote in the afterword to Lolita, "My private tragedy, which cannot, and indeed should not, be anybody's concern, is that I had to abandon my natural idiom, my untrammeled, rich, and infinitely docile Russian tongue for a second-rate brand of English."

from Writer's Almanac today

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Cooks Valley Farm

Season of greens and parsnips...

Lao Cuisine

Ever since New Years day celebrations in the Lao community, we have been dreaming of Lao food.

Lao cuisine
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A Lao meal in Luang Prabang, Laos
This article contains Lao text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Lao script.

Lao cuisine is the cuisine of Laos, which is distinct from other Southeast Asian cuisines.

The staple food of the Lao is steamed sticky rice, which is eaten by hand. In fact, the Lao eat more sticky rice than any other people in the world.[1] Sticky rice is considered the essence of what it means to be Lao. Often the Lao will refer to themselves as "luk khao niaow", which can be translated as "children or descendants of sticky rice". Galangal, lemongrass, and padaek (fermented fish sauce) are important ingredients.

The most famous Lao dish is larb (Lao: ລາບ; sometimes also spelled laap), a spicy mixture of marinated meat and/or fish that is sometimes raw (prepared like ceviche) with a variable combination of herbs, greens, and spices. Another Lao delectable invention is a spicy green papaya salad dish known as tam mak hoong (Lao: ຕໍາໝາກຫຸ່ງ) or more famously known to the West as som tam.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

Lao cuisine has many regional variations, corresponding in part to the fresh foods local to each region. A French legacy is still evident in the capital city, Vientiane, where baguettes are sold on the street and French restaurants are common and popular, which were first introduced when Laos was a part of French Indochina.


1 Lao cuisine origins
2 Ingredients
2.1 Rice and noodles
2.2 Vegetables, herbs and spices
2.3 Pastes and sauces
2.4 Meat
2.5 Fruits
3 Kitchen utensils
4 Cooking methods
5 Eating customs
6 Dishes
6.1 Dips
6.2 Appetizers
6.3 Salads
6.4 Soups and stews
6.5 Grilled dishes
6.6 Steamed dishes
6.7 Rice dishes
6.8 Noodles
6.9 Desserts
7 Drinks
7.1 Non-alcoholic
7.2 Alcoholic
8 See also
9 Further reading
10 References
11 External links

Lao cuisine origins

The Lao originally came from a northern region that is now part of China. As they moved southward, they brought their traditions with them.[9] Due to historical Lao migrations from Laos into neighboring regions, Lao cuisine has influenced the mainly Lao-populated region of Northeastern Thailand (Isan),[10][11][5][12][13][14] and Lao foods were also introduced to Cambodia[15][16] and Northern Thailand (Lanna)[17][11] where the Lao have migrated. In his book, Culture and Customs of Laos, Arne Kislenko noted the following about Lao cuisine:

Any discussion about Lao cuisine cannot be limited to Laos. There are approximately six times more ethnic Lao in the Isan region of northeastern Thailand than in Laos itself, which makes it necessary to go beyond national boundaries in search of definitively Lao food. In fact, with the recent droves of migrants from Isan further south to Bangkok, the Thai capital has in many respects become the epicenter of Lao cuisine. Some estimate that more Lao are there than in any other city in the world, including Vientiane. There are also sizable expatriate communities in places like the United States and France that make for numerous culinary variations abroad.[18]

Despite there being more ethnic Lao living in Thailand than in Laos and Lao cuisine playing a pivotal role in making Thai food an international phenomenon,[19] very little to no mention of the word "Lao" are found. This phenomenon are most likely the direct consequences of forced Thaification (1942–present), an official attempts to promote national unity and "Thainess", where any mention of "Lao" and other non-Thai descriptors were removed[20] and replaced with northeastern Thai or Isan.

Consequently, Thaification has led to social discrimination against northeasterners and the word "Lao" became a derogatory term.[21] Being "Lao" was stigmatized as being uneducated and backward,[22] thus causing many northeasterners to be ashamed to be known as being Lao.[23] More recently, as Lao identity loses its stigma, there is now a real sense of resurgence and pride in Lao identity, particularly among the Isan youth.[24]

In the West, even with a sizable expatriate communities, Lao cuisine is still virtually unknown even though much of what is served in Thai restaurants is likely to be Lao[19] or Lao-owned. In fact, unbeknownst to most people when they eat their favourite som tam, larb, and sticky rice at their favourite Thai or northeastern Thai (Isan) restaurants they are actually eating the Thai versions of traditional Lao food.[25][26][27][28][29][30][31] This accidental reinforcement of Thaification by the expatriate Lao communities and Lao restaurateurs is well observed by Malaphone Phommasa and Celestine Detvongsa in their article, Lao American Ethnic Economy:

Unlike […] ethnic specific stores, Lao-owned restaurants are doing better in reaching out to the general public. Although there are some restaurants that advertised as singularly "Laotian", many Lao restaurants are established under the guise of Thai restaurants and Thai/Lao restaurants to entice mainstream customers. Because most Americans are unfamiliar with Laotian food, Lao entrepreneurs have aimed to acquire more business by advertising themselves as Thai restaurants: the latter have successfully achieved popularity with the mainstream population. These restaurateurs would then incorporate Lao dishes onto the menu. Although, there are many similarities between Lao and northern Thai cuisine, certain foods will distinguish a true Thai restaurant from a Lao-owned restaurant would be the inclusion of "sticky rice" on the menu...[32]

There is now a growing movement to promote Lao cuisine led by Chef Seng[33] and executive chef Phet Schwader,[34] to name a few.
Rice and noodles

Rice (Lao: ເຂົ້າ; Lao pronunciation: [kʰa᷆w])
Glutinous rice - (Lao: ເຂົ້າໜຽວ; Lao pronunciation: [kʰa᷆w.nǐaw]) a type of rice grown mainly in Southeast and East Asia, which has opaque grains, very low amylose content, and is especially sticky when cooked.
Cellophane noodles - (Lao: ເສັ້ນລ້ອນ; Lao pronunciation: [se᷆n.lɔ̂ːn]) transparent noodles made from mung bean starch and water.
Khao poon - (Lao: ເສັ້ນເຂົ້າປຸ້ນ; Lao pronunciation: [se᷆n.kʰa᷆w.pûn]) are fresh rice noodles which are made from rice which has first been fermented for three days, boiled, and then made into noodles by pressing the resulting dough through a sieve into boiling water.
Rice noodles - (Lao: ເສັ້ນເຝີ; Lao pronunciation: [se᷆n.fɤ̌ː]) noodles that are made from rice. This should not be confused with Vietnamese pho. Though the word has Vietnamese origin, the dish it refers to in Laos might not be the same as Vietnamese pho.

Vegetables, herbs and spices

Asian basil - (Lao: ບົວລະພາ, Isan: บัวระพา, Lao pronunciation: [bùʰáː]) eaten raw with feu.
Bamboo shoots - (Lao: ໜໍ່ໄມ່, Isan: หน่อไม้, Lao pronunciation: [nɔ̄ː.mâj]), used in stews or boiled as a side dish.
Banana flower - (Lao: ໝາກປີ, Isan: หมากปี, Lao pronunciation: [ma᷆ːk.pìː]), a raw accompaniment to noodle soup or cooked in others.
Chili pepper - (Lao: ໝາກເຜັດ; Lao pronunciation: [ma᷆ːk.pʰét], Isan: พริก, Lao pronunciation: [pʰīk]), seven popular types.
Climbing wattle (acacia) - (Lao: ຜັກຂາ, Isan: ผักขา, Lao pronunciation: [pʰák.kʰǎː]) used in soups, curries, omelettes, and stir-fries.
Coriander (cilantro) - (Lao: ຜັກຫອມປ້ອມ; Lao pronunciation: [pʰák.hɔ̌ːm.pɔ̂ːm], Isan: ผักซี, Lao pronunciation: [pʰák.sīː]), both leaves and seeds added to dips, marinades, and a wide variety of dishes.
Cucumber - (Lao: ໝາກແຕງ, Isan: หมากแตง, Lao pronunciation: [ma᷆ːk.tɛ̀ːŋ]), eaten as a garnish or as a substitute for green papaya in salad.
Galangal - (Lao: ຂ່າ, Isan: ข่า, pronounced [kʰāː]), typically used in soups, mixed dishes, and marinades.
Garlic - (Lao: ກະທຽມ, Isan: กระเทียม, Lao pronunciation: [ka.tʰíam])
Ginger flower
Ginger root - (Lao: ຂີງ, Isan: ขิง, Lao pronunciation: [kʰǐŋ])
Kaffir lime - (Lao: ໝາກຂີ້ຫູດ; pronounced [ma᷆ːk.kʰi᷆ː.hu᷆ːt], Isan: มะกรูด maak-khii-huut), typically used in soups and stews.
Kaipen - (Lao: ໄຄແຜ່ນ, Isan: ไกแผ่น, Lao pronunciation: [kʰáj.pʰɛ̄ːn]), dried sheets of edible Mekong River algae, similar to nori.
Lao basil - (Lao: ຜັກອີ່ຕູ່; Lao pronunciation: [pʰák.ʔīː.tūː]) Isan: แมงลัก used in soups and stews.
Lao coriander - ("Lao dill"), used in stews and eaten raw.
Lao eggplant - (Lao: ໝາກເຂືອ, Isan: หมากเขือ; Lao pronunciation: [ma᷆ːk.kʰɯ̌a]), small and round Kermit eggplant, used in stews or eaten raw.
Lemon grass - (Lao: ຫົວສິງໄຄ, Isan: หัวสิงไค;; pronounced [hǔa.sǐŋ.kʰáj], hua sing-khai), used in soups, stews and marinades.
Lime - (Lao: ໝາກນາວ, Isan: หมากนาว, Lao pronunciation: [ma᷆ːk.náːw]), common ingredient to many dishes.
Mint - (Lao: ໃບຫອມລາບ; Lao pronunciation: [bàj.hɔ̌ːm.lâːp], Isan: ใบสะระแหน่, Lao pronunciation: [bàɛ̄ː]), used in goy/laap, and eaten raw.
Midnight horror - (Lao: ໝາກລີ້ນໄມ້, Isan: หมากลิ้นไม้,; Lao pronunciation: [ma᷆ːk.lîːn.mâj]) a bitter green, eaten raw.
Mushrooms - (Lao: ເຫັດ, Isan: เห็ด, Lao pronunciation: [hét]), used in soups and stir-fries.
Neem (kadao) - (Lao: ຜັກກະເດົາ, Isan: ผักกะเดา, Lao pronunciation: [pʰák.ka.dàw]), Azadirachta indica or neem, a bitter vegetable often eaten raw.
Papaya (green) - (Lao: ໝາກຫຸ່ງ, Isan: มักหุ่ง, pronounced [ma᷆ːk.hūŋ]), shredded and used in spicy papaya salad.
Rattan shoots - typically used in stews (bitter).
Scarlet wisteria - (Lao: ດອກແຄ, Isan: ดอกแค, Lao pronunciation: [dɔ᷆ːk.kʰɛ́ː]) Sesbania grandiflora, blossom eaten as vegetable in soups and curries.
Sa khan - (Lao: ສະຄ້ານ, Isan: สะค้าน; Lao pronunciation: [sa.kʰâːn]) stem of Piper ribesioides, used in stews.
Shallot - (Lao: ບົ່ວແດງ, Isan: บั่วแดง; Lao pronunciation: [būa.dɛ̀ːŋ])
Tamarind - (Lao: ໝາກຂາມ, Isan: หมากขาม, Lao pronunciation: [ma᷆ːk.kʰǎːm]), sour fruit used in soups or as a snack.
Tamarind leaf - (Lao: ໃບໝາກຂາມ), Isan: ใบหมากขาม, Lao pronunciation: [bà᷆ːk.kʰǎːm]) used in soups.
Tomato - (Lao: ໝາກເລັ່ນ, Isan: หมากเล่น, Lao pronunciation: [ma᷆ːk.lēn]), eaten as a garnish item or in papaya salad.
Turkey berry - (Lao: ໝາກແຄ້ງ, Isan: หมากแค้ง, Lao pronunciation: [ma᷆ːk.kʰɛ̂ːŋ]), Solanum torvum, typically used in stews and curries.
Water spinach - (Lao: ຜັກບົ້ງ, Isan: ผักบุ้ง, Lao pronunciation: [pʰák.bûŋ]), Ipomoea aquatica, stir-fried, steamed, or eaten as raw vegetable accompaniment.
Wild betel leaves - (Lao: ຜັກອີ່ເລີດ, Isan: ผักอีเลิด, Lao pronunciation: [pʰák.ʔīː.lɤ̂ːt]), Piper sarmentosum, a green, eaten raw.
Yanang leaf - (Lao: ໃບຢານາງ, Isan: ใบย่านาง, Lao pronunciation: [bàj.jāː.náːŋ]), used as a green colouring agent and as a seasoning or thickener for soups and stews.
Yard long beans - (Lao: ໝາກຖົ່ວ, Isan: หมากถั่ว, Lao pronunciation: [ma᷆ːk.tʰūa]), eaten raw, in stews, and can be made into a spicy bean salad (tam mak thoua).

Pastes and sauces

Fish sauce (nam pa) - clear fish sauce (Lao: ນ້ຳປາ, Isan: น้ำปลา, Lao pronunciation: [nâm.pàː]), used as a general condiment.
Padaek - (Lao: ປາແດກ, Isan: ปลาแดก, Lao pronunciation: [pàː.dɛ᷆ːk]), Lao-style fish paste.
Soy sauce


Century egg (khai niaow ma; lit. 'horse urine egg') - (Lao: ໄຂ່ຢ່ຽວມ້າ; Lao pronunciation: [kʰāj jāw mâː])
Pig blood curd
Pork belly "three-layer pork" - (Lao: ຊີ້ນໝູສາມຊັ້ນ, Isan: ซี้นหมูสามซั้น; Lao pronunciation: [sîːn.mǔː.sǎːm.sân])
Dried water buffalo skin - (Lao: ໜັງເຄັມ; Lao pronunciation: [nǎŋ.kʰém]) used in jaew bong and stews.


Fruits in Laos may consist of water melon, pineapple, sugar apple, (custard apple or sweetsop), longan, litchi, Asian pear, mango, rose apple (water apple), banana, jackfruit, rambutan, young coconut, orange, sweet tamarind, papaya, durian, sugarcane, pomelo, sapodilla, guava, star apple, mangosteen, melon, santol, langsat, grapes, corossolier (soursop), mak yom, and mak num nom.

Melon carving is also a popular tradition in Laos, where artists may carve beautiful flowers and other designs into fruits such as watermelon. Fruit arrangements are also common, and these are done during special occasions such as weddings and other ceremonies.
Kitchen utensils
A Lao-style mortar and pestle.

The typical Lao stove, or brazier, is called a tao-lo and is fueled by charcoal. It is shaped like a bucket, with room for a single pot or pan to sit on top. The wok, maw khang in Lao, is used for frying and stir frying. Sticky rice is steamed inside of a bamboo basket, a huad, which sits on top of a pot, which is called the maw nung.

A large, deep mortar called a khok is used for pounding tam mak hoong and other foods. It is indispensable in the Lao kitchen.
Cooking methods

Grilling, boiling, stewing, steaming, searing and mixing (as in salads) are all traditional cooking methods. Stir-frying is now common, but considered to be a Chinese influence. Stews are often green in color, because of the large proportion of vegetables used as well as ya nang leaf. Soups/stews are categorized as follows, tom, tom jeud, kaeng, and kaeng soua.

Ping means grilled. It is a favorite cooking method. Ping gai is grilled chicken, ping sin is grilled meat, and ping pa is grilled fish. Before grilling, the meat is typically seasoned with minced garlic, minced coriander root, minced galangal, salt, soy sauce, and fish sauce, each in varying quantities, if at all, according to preference. The Lao seem to prefer a longer grilling at lower heat.

The result is grilled meat that is typically drier than what Westerners are accustomed to. The Lao probably prefer their food this way, because they wish to keep their hands dry and clean for handling sticky rice. They also typically eat the grilled food with a hot sauce (chaew) of some sort, which takes away the dryness.

Lao food differs from neighboring cuisines in multiple respects. One is that the Lao meal almost always includes a large quantity of fresh raw greens, vegetables and herbs served undressed on the side. Another is that savory dishes are never sweet. "Sweet and sour" is generally considered bizarre and foreign in Laos. Yet another is that some dishes are bitter. There is a saying in Lao cuisine, "van pen lom; khom pen ya," which can be translated as, "sweet makes you dizzy; bitter makes you healthy."

A couple of the green herbs favored in Lao cuisine but generally ignored by their neighbors are mint and dill, both of paramount importance. Galangal is a cooking herb that is heavily favored in Laos, unlike in neighboring countries. It appears in probably the majority of Lao dishes, along with the conventional herbs: garlic, shallots, lemongrass, etc. Another distinctive characteristic of Lao food or more properly, Lao eating habits, is that food is frequently eaten at room temperature. This may be attributable to the fact that Lao food served with sticky rice is traditionally handled by hand.
Eating customs
A ka toke, a platform for arranging and presenting a Lao meal.

The traditional manner of eating was communal, with diners sitting on a reed mat on the wooden floor around a raised platform woven out of rattan called a ka toke. Dishes are arranged on the ka toke, which is of a standard size. Where there are many diners, multiple ka tokes will be prepared. Each ka toke will have one or more baskets of sticky rice, which is shared by all the diners at the ka toke.

In recent times, eating at a ka toke is the exception rather than the rule. The custom is maintained, however, at temples, where each monk is served his meal on a ka toke. Once food is placed on the ka toke it becomes a pha kao. In modern homes, the term for preparing the table for a meal is still taeng pha kao, or prepare the phah kao.

Traditionally, spoons were used only for soups and white rice, and chopsticks (ໄມ້ທູ່,mai thu) were used only for noodles. Most food was handled by hand. The reason this custom evolved is probably due to the fact that sticky rice can only be easily handled by hand.

Lao meals typically consist of a soup dish, a grilled dish, a sauce, greens, and a stew or mixed dish (koy or laap). The greens are usually fresh raw greens, herbs and other vegetables, though depending on the dish they accompany, they could also be steamed or more typically, parboiled. Dishes are not eaten in sequence; the soup is sipped throughout the meal. Beverages, including water, are not typically a part of the meal. When guests are present, the meal is always a feast, with food made in quantities sufficient for twice the number of diners. For a host, not having enough food for guests would be humiliating.

The custom is to close the rice basket,[35] when one is finished eating.

Jaew (Lao: ແຈ່ວ), a popular type of dipping sauce in Laos.

Jaew mak khua - made from roasted eggplant.
Jaew mak len - made from roasted sweet tomatoes.
Jaew bong - sweet and spicy paste made with roasted chilies, pork skin, galangal and other ingredients.
Jaew padaek - made from fried padaek, fish, roast garlic, chilies, lemon grass, and other ingredients.


Kap kaem (Lao: ກັບແກ້ມ), are dishes served as snacks, before the main dish, or with beer.

Kaipen - fried snack made of fresh water algae, usually served with jaew bong.
Khai khuam - stuffed eggs "upside down".
Khai nug - steamed, boiled egg made by making a hole in the egg to remove the contents and pouring it back in after mixing the yolk with other ingredients.
Khua pak bong - stir fried water spinach.
Look seen - Laotian beef meatballs.
Mekong river moss - fried moss from the Mekong River.
Sai kok - chunky pork sausage.
Sai oua - grilled pork sausage.
Seen hang - Laotian beef jerky that is flash-fried beef.
Seen savanh - thinly sliced beef jerky with sweeter taste and covered with sesame seeds.
Seen tork
Som khai pa - pickled fish roe.
Som moo - pickled pork with pork skin (summer sausages).
Som pa - pickled fish.
Som phak kad - pickled greens.
Som phak kai lum who moo - pickled cabbage with pickled pork ears.
Yaw - Laotian pork roll. Known as giò lụa in Vietnam.
Yaw dip - a type of spring roll made with rice paper, vermicelli, lettuce, and various fillings including shrimp. It's usually eaten with peanut sauce or Laotian sweet sauce. Known as Gỏi cuốn in Vietnam.
Yaw jeun - fried spring roll.


Sarad (Lao: ສະຫຼັດ), is a general name to describe a dish with mixed vegetables, herbs, and spices. Meat salads in Laos are known as larb or laap.

Larb - a spicy Lao minced meat salad made with fermented fish and herbs. Various meats include fish, duck, chicken, pork, and beef, as well as mushrooms.
Nam tok - a meat-based salad similar to larb. It can also be made into a stew.
Pon - spicy puree of cooked fish.
Tam som - is the following salads made with Lao chili peppers, lime juice, tomatoes, fish sauce/paste, and sugar. Crab paste and shrimp paste are optional.
Tam khao poon - spicy vermicelli noodles salad.
Tam mak guh - spicy plantain salad.
Tam mak hoong - spicy green papaya salad.
Tum mak khua - spicy eggplant salad.
Tam mak taeng - spicy cucumber salad.
Tam mak thou - spicy green long/yard beans salad.

Soups and stews

Kaeng (Lao: ແກງ; lit. "soup")

Kaeng jeut - vegetable and pork soup.
Kaeng galee - Lao curry.
Kaeng naw mai or soup naw mai - a green stew made with bamboo shoots.
Or - green vegetable stew.
Or lam - Luang Prabang style green vegetable stew.
Tom jeaw pa - spicy fish soup.
Tom kha gai - a spicy and sour soup made with coconut milk, mushrooms, and chicken.
Tom padaek - fish stewed in padaek.
Tom yum - a spicy and sour soup made with lemongrass, and various meats such as beef, chicken, pork, and shrimp or other seafood.

Grilled dishes

Ahan ping (Lao: ອາຫານປີ້ງ; lit. "grilled food")

Ping gai - grilled, marinated chicken.
Ping hua ped - grilled, marinated duck head. It can be considered as an appetizer.
Ping moo - grilled, marinated pork.
Ping pa - grilled fish mixed with spices and herbs.
Ping ped - grilled, marinated duck.
Ping seen - grilled, marinated beef.
Ping theen gai - grilled, marinated chicken feet.
Seen dat - Laotian-styled barbecue. Traditional meats and vegetables are seared on a dome-shaped griddle.

Steamed dishes

Ahan neung (Lao: ອາຫານຫນື້ງ; lit. "steamed food")

Mok pa - fish steamed in banana leaf.
Mok gai - chicken steamed in banana leaf.
Mok khai
Mok kai pa
Ua dok kae
Titi gai - steak in a banana leaf wrap.

Rice dishes

Ahan kap khao (Lao: ອາຫານກັບເຂົ້າ; lit. "food with rice"), are dishes made with rice as the main ingredient. In most Lao meals, glutinous rice known as khao niao, is a staple to the Laotian diet.

Khao khua or khao phat - Laotian-styled fried rice.
Khao niao - steamed glutinous rice. Popularly known as "sticky rice". This type of rice is usually kept in a bamboo basket and is shared among all diners. Different ingredients such as coconut milk and red beans can be added to make the rice into a sweet dessert.
Khao piak khao (lit. 'rice wet rice') - rice porridge. Toppings may contain blood curds, century eggs, fried onions or garlic, and scallions.
Khao ping or khao chee - baked sticky rice seasoned with eggs. Khao chee is also another name for bread.
Khao jao or khao neung - steamed white rice. Jasmine rice is generally used. This type of rice is also used as an ingredient for many stir-fried dishes.
Nam khao - crispy rice salad made with deep-fried rice balls, chunks of fermented pork sausage called som moo, chopped peanuts, grated coconut, sliced scallions or shallots, mint, cilantro, lime juice, fish sauce, and other ingredients.


Feu (Lao: ເຝີ) or Mee (Lao: ໝີ່). Noodles are popular dishes in northern and central Laos. These can vary from "wet noodles", served with broth, or "dry noodles" which are typically stir-fried.

Feu - Laotian-styled Pho, or rice noodle soup.
Kaeng sen lon - soup made with glass noodles and meatballs.
Khao piak sen - rice flour noodles in chicken broth. Similar to the Vietnamese dish, bánh canh, and the Japanese dish, udon.
Khao poon - rice vermicelli soup, also known as "Lao laksa".
Khua mee - pan-fried rice noodles topped with thinly sliced egg omelette.
Lard na - stir-fried noodles covered in gravy.
Mee haeng - wheat noodles with vegetables and meat.
Mee kati - rice vermicelli made in coconut milk.
Mee nam - wheat noodles in a broth of vegetables and meat.
Pad Lao - stir-fried noodles mixed with lightly scrambled egg. Similar to Pad Thai.
Pad ki mao - stir-fried broad rice noodles.
Pad see ew - stir-fried noodle dish made with Chinese broccoli, and beef, chicken, or seafood.
Pad sen lon - stir-fried glass noodles.
Suki - Laotian-styled Sukiyaki.
Yum sen lon - tangy salad made with glass noodles.


Khong van (Lao: ຂອງຫວານ; lit. "sweet things"). Lao desserts are generally made with the combination of tropical fruits and glutinous rice products. These can vary from types of cakes, to jelly, to drinks, and custards.

Khao lam - a sweet sticky rice dish made with red beans, coconut, coconut milk, and sugar prepared in bamboo.
Khao niao mak muang - sticky rice with coconut and mango.
Khao pard - jelly-like rice cake, unique for its layers. It's usually green from the use of pandan leaves as an ingredient.
Khao tom - steamed rice wrapped in banana leaf. Various fillings include pork, bananas, and taro.
Khanom kok - coconut dumpling made on a griddle. It may be topped with green onions.
Khanom maw kaeng - coconut custard cake.
Lod xong - a green, worm-like dessert made with rice jelly, coconut milk, and liquefied palm sugar.
Nam van - a general name for a dessert which can contain tapioca and various fruits including durian, jack fruit, and water chestnuts.
Sangkaya - custard made with Kabocha, a type of Asian squash.
Voon - jelly made with coconut milk.


Lao coffee is often called Pakxong coffee (cafe pakxong in Lao), which is grown on the Bolovens Plateau around the town of Pakxong. This area is sometimes said to be the best place in Southeast Asia for coffee cultivation. Both Robusta and Arabica are grown in Laos, and if you ask for Arabica, there is a very good chance the proprietor will know what you are talking about. Most of the Arabica in Laos is consumed locally and most of the Robusta is exported to Thailand, where it goes into Nescafé. The custom in Laos is to drink coffee in glasses, with condensed milk in the bottom, followed by a chaser of green tea. The highly regarded tea is also grown on the Bolovens Plateau.

There are two general types of traditional alcoholic beverages, both produced from rice: lao hai and lao lao. Lao hai means jar alcohol and is served from an earthen jar.[36] It is communally and competitively drunk through straws at festive occasions. It can be likened to sake in appearance and flavor. Lao lao or Lao alcohol is more like a whiskey. It is also called lao khao or, in English, white alcohol. However, there is also a popular variant of lao lao made from purple rice, which has a pinkish hue.

In more recent times, the Lao state-owned brewery's Beerlao has become ubiquitous in Laos and is highly regarded by expatriates and residents alike. The Bangkok Post has described it as the Dom Perignon of Asian beers. In 2004, Time magazine described it as Asia's best beer. In June 2005, it beat 40 other brews to take the silver prize at Russia's Osiris Beer Festival, which it had entered for the first time.

Ca fay - Laotian coffee.
Nam oi - sugarcane juice.
Nam pun
Nam mak pow - coconut juice; with or without coconut meat.
Oliang - iced coffee; black or with condensed milk.
Saa - Laotian tea.


Lau-khao - Laotian rice wine.
Lau-lao - Laotian whiskey.
Lau-hai - Laotian rice wine made with glutinous rice.

See also
Portal icon Laos portal
Portal icon Food portal

Cambodian cuisine
Hmong cuisine
Thai cuisine
Vietnamese cuisine
Phia Sing

Further reading

Davidson, Alan (1975). Fish and Fish Dishes of Laos. Rutland, Vermont: Charles E. Tuttle Co. ISBN 0-907325-95-5.
Du Pont De Bie, Natacha (2004). Ant Egg Soup: The Adventures of a Food Tourist in Laos. London: Sceptre. ISBN 0-340-82567-7.
Sing, Phia. Alan Davidson and Jennifer Davidson, eds. (1981) Traditional Recipes of Laos: Being the Manuscript Recipe Books of the Late Phia Sing, from the Royal Palace at Luang Prabang, Reproduced in Facsimile and Furnished With an English Translation. London: Prospect Books. ISBN 0-907325-02-5.
Culloty, Dorothy (2010). Food from Northern Laos - The Boat Landing Cookbook. Te Awamutu, New Zealand: Galangal Press ISBN 978-0-473-17236-7

Xaixana Champanakone (2010). "Lao Cooking and The Essence of Life". Vientiane Publishing ISBN 978-9932000012

Imprinting (Psychology)

Imprinting (psychology)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In psychology and ethology, imprinting is any kind of phase-sensitive learning (learning occurring at a particular age or a particular life stage) that is rapid and apparently independent of the consequences of behavior. It was first used to describe situations in which an animal or person learns the characteristics of some stimulus, which is therefore said to be "imprinted" onto the subject. Imprinting is hypothesized to have a critical period.


1 Filial imprinting
2 Sexual imprinting
3 Westermarck effect
3.1 Westermarck and Freud
4 Baby duck syndrome
5 See also
6 References
7 Further reading
8 External links

Filial imprinting
File:Anas platyrhynchos -Boston Harbor, Massachusetts, USA- parent and chicks-8.ogvPlay media
Very small mallard chicks following their mother

The best-known form of imprinting is filial imprinting, in which a young animal acquires several of its behavioral characteristics from its parent. It is most obvious in nidifugous birds, which imprint on their parents and then follow them around. It was first reported in domestic chickens, by the 19th-century amateur biologist Douglas Spalding. It was rediscovered by the early ethologist Oskar Heinroth, and studied extensively and popularized by his disciple Konrad Lorenz working with greylag geese. Lorenz demonstrated how incubator-hatched geese would imprint on the first suitable moving stimulus they saw within what he called a "critical period" between 13–16 hours shortly after hatching. For example, the goslings would imprint on Lorenz himself (to be more specific, on his wading boots), and he is often depicted being followed by a gaggle of geese who had imprinted on him. Lorenz also found that the geese could imprint on inanimate objects. In one experiment, they followed a box placed on a model train in circles around the track.[1] Filial imprinting is not restricted to non-human animals that are able to follow their parents, however.

The filial imprinting of birds was a primary technique used to create the movie Winged Migration (Le Peuple Migrateur), which contains a great deal of footage of migratory birds in flight. The birds imprinted on handlers, who wore yellow jackets and honked horns constantly. The birds were then trained to fly along with a variety of aircraft, primarily ultralights.
Imprinted geese and cranes flying with an ultralight aircraft

The Italian hang-glider pilot Angelo d'Arrigo extended this technique. D'Arrigo noted that the flight of a non-motorised hang-glider is very similar to the flight patterns of migratory birds: Both use updrafts of hot air (thermal currents) to gain altitude that then permits soaring flight over distance. He used this fact to enable the re-introduction into the wild of threatened species of raptors.

Birds that are hatched in captivity have no mentor birds to teach them their traditional migratory routes. D'Arrigo had one solution to this problem. The chicks hatched under the wing of his glider, and imprinted on him. Then, he taught the fledglings to fly and to hunt. The young birds followed him not only on the ground (as with Lorenz) but also in the air as he took the path of various migratory routes. He flew across the Sahara and over the Mediterranean Sea to Sicily with eagles, from Siberia to Iran (5,500 km) with a flock of Siberian cranes, and over Mount Everest with Nepalese eagles. In 2006, he worked with a condor in South America.

In a similar project, orphaned Canada geese were trained to their normal migration route by the Canadian ultralight enthusiast Bill Lishman, as shown in the fact-based movie drama Fly Away Home.

Chicks of domestic chickens prefer to be near large groups of objects that they have imprinted on. This behaviour was used to determine that very young chicks of a few days old have rudimentary counting skills. In a series of experiments, they were made to imprint on plastic balls and could figure out which of two groups of balls hidden behind screens had the most balls.[2]

American coot mothers have the ability to recognize their chicks by imprinting on cues from the first chick that hatches. This allows mothers to distinguish their chicks from parasitic chicks.
Sexual imprinting

Sexual imprinting is the process by which a young animal learns the characteristics of a desirable mate. For example, male zebra finches appear to prefer mates with the appearance of the female bird that rears them, rather than that of the birth parent when they are different.[3]

Sexual attraction to humans can develop in non-human mammals or birds as a result of sexual imprinting when reared from young by humans. One example is London Zoo female giant panda Chi Chi; when taken to Moscow Zoo for mating with the male giant panda An An, she refused his attempts to mate with her, but made a full sexual self-presentation to a Russian zookeeper.[4][5]

It commonly occurs in falconry birds reared from hatching by humans; such birds are called "imprints" in falconry. When an imprint must be bred from, the breeder lets the male bird copulate with his head while he is wearing a special hat with pockets on to catch the male bird's semen. Then he courts a suitable imprint female bird (including offering food, if it is part of that species's normal courtship); at "copulation" he puts the flat of one hand on her back to represent the weight of a male bird, and with the other hand uses a pipette, or a hypodermic syringe without a needle, to squirt the semen into her cloaca.[6][better source needed]

Sexual imprinting on inanimate objects is a popular theory concerning the development of sexual fetishism. For example, according to this theory, imprinting on shoes or boots (as with Konrad Lorenz's geese) would be the cause of shoe fetishism.
Westermarck effect

Reverse sexual imprinting is also seen in instances where two people who live in domestic proximity during the first few years in the life of either one become desensitized to later close sexual attraction. This phenomenon, known as the Westermarck effect, was first formally described by Finnish anthropologist Edvard Westermarck in his book The History of Human Marriage (1891). The Westermarck effect has since been observed in many places and cultures, including in the Israeli kibbutz system, and the Chinese Shim-pua marriage customs, as well as in biological-related families.

In the case of the Israeli kibbutzim (collective farms), children were reared somewhat communally in peer groups, based on age, not biological relation. A study of the marriage patterns of these children later in life revealed that out of the nearly 3,000 marriages that occurred across the kibbutz system, only fourteen were between children from the same peer group. Of those fourteen, none had been reared together during the first six years of life. This result provides evidence not only that the Westermarck effect is demonstrable but that it operates during the period from birth to the age of six.[7]

When proximity during this critical period does not occur—for example, where a brother and sister are brought up separately, never meeting one another—they may find one another highly sexually attractive when they meet as adults.[citation needed] This phenomenon is known as genetic sexual attraction. This observation supports the hypothesis that the Westermarck effect evolved because it suppressed inbreeding. This attraction may also be seen with cousin couples.
Westermarck and Freud

Freud argued that as children, members of the same family naturally lust for one another, making it necessary for societies to create incest taboos,[8] but Westermarck argued the reverse, that the taboos themselves arise naturally as products of innate attitudes.

Steven Pinker wrote on the subject:

The idea that boys want to sleep with their mothers strikes most men as the silliest thing they have ever heard. Obviously, it did not seem so to Freud, who wrote that as a boy he once had an erotic reaction to watching his mother dressing. But Freud had a wet-nurse, and may not have experienced the early intimacy that would have tipped off his perceptual system that Mrs. Freud was his mother. The Westermarck theory has out-Freuded Freud.
—Steven Pinker, How the Mind Works

Baby duck syndrome

In human–computer interaction, baby duck syndrome denotes the tendency for computer users to "imprint" on the first system they learn, then judge other systems by their similarity to that first system.[9] The result is that "users generally prefer systems similar to those they learned on and dislike unfamiliar systems."[10] The issue may present itself relatively early in a computer user's experience, and has been observed to impede education of students in new software systems.[11]
See also

Ivan Pavlov
Kin recognition
Kin selection
Attachment theory
Imprinting (organizational theory)

Kitten Imprinting

The bond between a kitten and his mother is, according to animal behaviorist Nicholas Dodman (The Cat Who Cried for Help), “the most important one it will have.”

“If, when the kitten cries, its mom routinely responds, it will develop confidence,” Dodman says. “If she grooms it regularly, its nervous system will literally sprout. Well-tended kittens have higher self-esteem, are smarter, and seem to regulate their emotions better.”

why-does-my-kitten-follow-me-around-like-a-puppy At eight to 12 weeks (responsible breeders prefer to go with the 12-week mark), the kitten will most likely be separated from his mother and go to a new home. And he will be traumatized. Your first day at kindergarten will have nothing on it.

That’s when you have to step in.

You have to “tend to the kitten’s demands, just as its mom might have,” explains Dodman. “This way, you keep the kitten on the right track regarding its intellectual and social development.” In the process, the kitten attaches itself to you, and you have the beginning of a beautiful friendship.


It's Not Too Late

It's not too late to pick up playing the piano and the alto where you left off. To learn Yiddish and play Klezmer music. To make a documentary on the nuns and the monks. It's not too late!!

Aggie in Dighton

Bristol County Agricultural High Dighton MASSACHUSETTS.

Dighton is a town in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 7,086 at the 2010 census. The town is located on the western shore of the Taunton River in the southeastern part of the state.


Small Animal Science

Opportunities for the practical application of classroom instruction makes the learning experience at Bristol County Agricultural High School a very exciting one. The small animals options is an excellent example of this philosophy as students experience all phases of the technology under real conditions with specifically assigned responsibilities. Accurate and detailed records are kept by the students which reflect their work.

Related subjects studied in small animal science include:


While there are a number of careers which afford the opportunity to work with small animals immediately upon graduation from Bristol County Agricultural High School, some careers may require further education. Our students have gone on to become:


Playing Music and wearing Lipstick

I know I am in a good place when I am playing music and wearing lipstick. It's a dead giveaway.

Willie Mays

As New Yorkers filed into Shea Stadium that night in 1973, there was much more for fans to think about than an aging baseball star’s home run total.

It was Aug. 17. On that day, the Soviet Union had successfully tested a nuclear missile that could split into multiple warheads. The daily dose of Watergate news was on front pages again, the Vietnam War raged, and on a rooftop on the East Side of Manhattan, an 8-year-old boy was murdered, adding to a growing sense of chaos and fear in the streets.

Sports may be a diversion, but the Mets were not doing their part to distract the troubled populace. They were 12 games under .500, in last place in the National League East, and they lost that night, too, to the Cincinnati Reds, in agonizing fashion. An article in The New York Times said that for the Mets, the game “produced some of the bitterest memories of a memorably bitter summer.”
Continue reading the main story
Related Coverage

Alex Rodriguez, who is in line to move up on the career home-run list, has had his problems this season. But at age 39, he is still better than many younger players.
Sports of The Times: In the Yankees’ Reality Show, It’s Alex Rodriguez, Flaws and AllAPRIL 12, 2015
Alex Rodriguez hit the 655th home run of his career on Thursday, leaving him five short of Willie Mays’s total.
For Alex Rodriguez, a Milestone Looms, and Perhaps a DisputeAPRIL 10, 2015

But something remarkable happened in that game. It had occurred twice before in baseball, and it is about to happen again. A player — in this case, Willie Mays, 42, in the final act of his career — hit his 660th career home run.


Justice for Freddie


124 Year Old Cooking Club


Wage Slavery: Raise it to 15 Dollars Minimum Wage


Earth Day

Today is Earth Day. It was first observed in 1970, but its roots go back to the 1962 publication of Rachel Carson’s (books by this author) landmark book exposing the effects of pesticides and other chemical pollution on the environment. Troubled by the lack of attention pollution was receiving on the national stage, Wisconsin senator Gaylord Nelson began going on speaking tours, trying to educate people and politicians about environmental issues, and while the public was concerned, the politicians didn’t pay much attention.

During the late 1960s, Senator Nelson had the idea to harness the energy and methods of the student protests against the Vietnam War to organize a grassroots conservation movement. At a press conference in 1969, he announced plans for a nationwide demonstration, to take place the following spring. It was a gamble that paid off, and the public’s response was enthusiastic. Gladwin Hill wrote in The New York Times, “Rising concern about the environmental crisis is sweeping the nation’s campuses with an intensity that may be on its way to eclipsing student discontent over the war in Vietnam.” Twenty million people nationwide participated in the first Earth Day, on April 22, 1970, and the government finally took notice, forming the Environmental Protection Agency and passing the Clean Air, the Clean Water, and the Endangered Species Acts.

According to the Earth Day Network, Earth Day is celebrated by a billion people, making it the world’s largest secular holiday.
-Writer's Almanac

I Love Louise Erdrich

Spring Evening on Blind Mountain

by Louise Erdrich

I won’t drink wine tonight
I want to hear what is going on
not in my own head
but all around me.
I sit for hours
outside our house on Blind Mountain.
Below this scrap of yard
across the ragged old pasture,
two horses move
pulling grass into their mouths, tearing up
wildflowers by the roots.
They graze shoulder to shoulder.
Every night they lean together in sleep.
Up here, there is no one
for me to fail.
You are gone.
Our children are sleeping.
I don’t even have to write this down.

"Spring Evening on Blind Mountain” by Louise Erdrich from Original Fire. © Harper Collins, 2003.

History of the Sandwich

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A sandwich is a food item consisting of one or more types of food placed on or between slices of bread, or more generally any dish wherein two or more pieces of bread serve as a container or wrapper for some other food.[1][2][3] The sandwich was originally a portable food item or finger food which began its popularity primarily in the Western World, but is now found in various versions in numerous countries worldwide.

Sandwiches are a widely popular type of lunch food, typically taken to work, school, or picnics to be eaten as part of a packed lunch. The bread can be used plain, or it can be coated with one or more condiments to enhance the flavours and texture. As well as being homemade, sandwiches are also widely sold in restaurants and cafes, and are sometimes served hot as well as cold.[4][5]

The sandwich is considered to be the namesake of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, because of the claim that he was the eponymous inventor of this food combination.[6][7] The Wall Street Journal has described it as Britain's "biggest contribution to gastronomy".[8]

Salmon and cream cheese sandwiches on pieces of baguette
English sandwiches, crustless on a plate
Sandwich with fried egg, tomato and cucumber
Olive and red tomato sandwich

The modern concept of a sandwich using slices of bread (as found within the Western World) can arguably be traced to 18th century Europe. However, the use of some kind of bread or bread-like substance to lie under (or under and over) some other food, or used to scoop up and enclose or wrap some other type of food, long predates the 18th century, and is found in numerous much older cultures worldwide.

The ancient Jewish sage Hillel the Elder is said to have wrapped meat from the Paschal lamb and bitter herbs between two pieces of old-fashioned soft matzah—flat, unleavened bread—during Passover in the manner of a modern sandwich wrap made with flatbread.[9] Flat breads of only slightly varying kinds have long been used to scoop or wrap small amounts of food en route from platter to mouth throughout Western Asia and northern Africa. From Morocco to Ethiopia to India, bread is baked in flat rounds, contrasting with the European loaf tradition.

During the Middle Ages in Europe, thick slabs of coarse and usually stale bread, called "trenchers", were used as plates.[10] After a meal, the food-soaked trencher was fed to a dog or to beggars at the tables of the wealthy, and eaten by diners in more modest circumstances. The immediate culinary precursor with a direct connection to the English sandwich was to be found in the Netherlands of the 17th century, where the naturalist John Ray observed[11] that in the taverns beef hung from the rafters "which they cut into thin slices and eat with bread and butter laying the slices upon the butter"— explanatory specifications that reveal the Dutch belegde broodje, open-faced sandwich, was as yet unfamiliar in England.

Initially perceived as food that men shared while gaming and drinking at night, the sandwich slowly began appearing in polite society as a late-night meal among the aristocracy. The sandwich's popularity in Spain and England increased dramatically during the 19th century, when the rise of industrial society and the working classes made fast, portable, and inexpensive meals essential.[12]

It was at the same time that the European-stye sandwich finally began to appear outside of Europe. In the United States, the sandwich was first promoted as an elaborate meal at supper. By the early 20th century, as bread became a staple of the American diet, the sandwich became the same kind of popular, quick meal as was already widespread in the Mediterranean.[12]

The first written usage of the English word appeared in Edward Gibbon's journal, in longhand, referring to "bits of cold meat" as a "Sandwich".[13] It was named after John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, an 18th-century English aristocrat. It is said that he ordered his valet to bring him meat tucked between two pieces of bread, and others began to order "the same as Sandwich!"[6][7] It is commonly said that Lord Sandwich was fond of this form of food because it allowed him to continue playing cards, particularly cribbage, while eating, without using a fork, and without getting his cards greasy from eating meat with his bare hands.[6]

The rumour in its familiar form appeared in Pierre-Jean Grosley's Londres (Neichatel, 1770), translated as A Tour to London 1772;[14] Grosley's impressions had been formed during a year in London in 1765. The sober alternative is provided by Sandwich's biographer, N. A. M. Rodger, who suggests Sandwich's commitments to the navy, and to politics and the arts, mean the first sandwich was more likely to have been consumed at his desk.

Before being known as sandwiches, this food combination seems to simply have been known as "bread and meat" or "bread and cheese".[6]

In the United States, a court in Boston, Massachusetts ruled that "sandwich" includes at least two slices of bread.[1] and "under this definition, this court finds that the term 'sandwich' is not commonly understood to include burritos, tacos, and quesadillas, which are typically made with a single tortilla and stuffed with a choice filling of meat, rice, and beans."[15] The issue stemmed from the question of whether a restaurant that sold burritos could move into a shopping centre where another restaurant had a no-compete clause in its lease prohibiting other "sandwich" shops.

In Spain, where the word sandwich is borrowed from the English language,[16] it refers to a food item made with English sandwich bread.[17] It is otherwise known as a bocadillo.

In the United Kingdom and Australia, the term "sandwich" is more narrowly defined than in the US: it refers only to an item which uses sliced bread from a loaf.[citation needed] An item with similar fillings, but using an entire bread roll cut horizontally in half, is always referred to as a "roll". (In South Australia, there is a regional variant of the "roll", superficially similar to a club sandwich, where the bread roll is sliced three times (parallel cuts), and filling is put in the first and third openings, but not the second. This makes the resulting "double cut roll" easier to handle: the top half and the bottom half are eaten separately.) Any hot item based on a bread roll is referred to as a "burger", never as a "sandwich". However, hot sliced (not ground) beef between two slices of toasted bread is referred to as a "steak sandwich" - it is the sliced loaf bread that distinguishes the steak sandwich from a "burger".

The verb to sandwich has the meaning to position anything between two other things of a different character, or to place different elements alternately,[18] and the noun sandwich has related meanings derived from this more general definition. For example, an ice cream sandwich consists of a layer of ice cream between two layers of cake or biscuit.[19] Similarly, Oreos and Custard Creams are described as sandwich biscuits because they consist of a soft filling between layers of biscuit.[20]

The word "butty" (a reference to the fact that butter is often used in British sandwiches) is common in some northern parts of England as a slang synonym for "sandwich", particularly to refer to certain kinds of sandwiches including the chip butty, bacon butty, or sausage butty, though some people[who?] make the distinction that a butty is made using a single buttered slice, folded over rather than cut. "Sarnie" is a similar colloquialism, as is the Australian English colloquialism "sanger". Likewise, the words "sanger" and "piece" are used for sandwich in Scottish dialect; regarding the latter, an example of the use of "piece" is "piece and ham", meaning "piece of bread and ham".[citation needed]


Picnic Umbrella Season

We put up the beach umbrella in a hole we drilled in the wooden picnic table and I love seeing it out there. It's red with thin yellow stripes.
I didn't think about what this means for my tablecloths. We never get to entertain but the picnic table is a party all by itself! When Lily stands next to it she created magic, just like when she sits next to the banjo.

Six Bells

When we were children growing up in a brick Georgian-style house in Larchmont, part of Mamaroneck New York, there was an old fashioned doorbell system in our house. Historically the buzzers was so servants could be called with buzzers in the center of the room on the floor (you could call with your foot!) and one on the sun-porch. My mother loved them and decided she would buzz the bells for us when she wanted us to come for meals. Three rings meant DINNER, six meant emergency and we were instructed to jump off her second floor bedroom porch.

Tuesday, April 21, 2015

Teaching Juggling

Bill's Juggler/Teacher video is posted on YouTube, here:

Affectionate Policing

Today I got INSPIRED full of SPRING courage: I gave my dream speech. I spoke to X and his 3 buddies. They were back here in the green Honda taking drugs. I walked over because I felt safe and I recognized them. I went right up to them and said: You are not invisible back here. I don't want you guys to get nabbed! Detectives are everywhere and there have been many search warrants in the 'hood. I don't want you guys to get thrown in jail. I have been to the ACI to give a poetry reading. Believe me, you don't want to end up there. All eyes are watching. You can't park here. They got it!! I care about them. Maybe this will give them pause. They are young, only 17 years old. I hope they can make a good life.


You already have the precious mixture that will make you well. Use it.

-Jelaluddin Rumi

Beyond our ideas of right-doing and wrong-doing,
there is a field. I'll meet you there.
When the soul lies down in that grass,
the world is too full to talk about.
Ideas, language, even the phrase 'each other'
doesn't make sense any more.

-Jelaluddin Rumi
in Coleman Barks, The Essential Rumi

Your task is not to seek for love,
but merely to seek and find
all the barriers within yourself
that you have built against it.

-Jalaluddin Rumi

You've no idea how hard I've looked for a gift to bring You.
Nothing seemed right. What's the point of bringing gold
to the gold mine, or water to the Ocean. Everything I came
up with was like taking spices to the Orient. It's no good
giving my heart and my soul because you already have these.
So- I've brought you a mirror. Look at yourself and
remember me.

-Jalaluddin Rumi

Those who don't feel this Love
pulling them like a river,
those who don't drink dawn
like a cup of spring water
or take in sunset like supper,
those who don't want to change,

let them sleep.

This Love is beyond the study of theology,
that old trickery and hypocrisy.
If you want to improve your mind that way,

sleep on.
I've given up on my brain.
I've torn the cloth to shreds
and thrown it away.

If you're not completely naked,
wrap your beautiful robe of words
around you,

and sleep.

-Rumi, Ode 314 from Like This, Coleman Barks


Venus Fly Trap

Our neighborhood is flowering with spring daffodils, forsythia, tikes on trikes, and drug dealers. We are trying as a neighborhood to discourage this last activity and let the dealers know that the parking lot is a a venus fly trap versus a drug dealer's haven. Let the families play and enjoy the parking lot.

Be the change that you wish to see in the world.
— Mahatma Gandhi

John Muir

I wandered away on a glorious botanical and geological excursion, which has lasted nearly 50 years and is not yet completed, always happy and free, poor and rich, without thought of a diploma or of making a name.
- John Muir

Rooftop Tagger

PROVIDENCE, R.I. —A mysterious tagger who hangs upside down from the rooftops of downtown buildings to write about being lonely and alone has been caught on surveillance video.

Monday, April 20, 2015

Hotel Mama

“In Slovakia, our mentality is different,” he said. “You have to own everything. In Vienna, people rent, they buy on credit. The two cities are so close, but they are different places.”

Pollen Allergies

WebMD: Seasonal Allergy Symptoms Nationwide

If you have to be outside, try these tips:

Check pollen counts before you plan outdoor activities.

Limit how much time you spend outside during the morning or midday, when pollen counts are at their highest.

Wear sunglasses to keep it out of your eyes.

Have someone else mow your grass. Don't rake leaves during pollen season. And if you must do yard work, wear a mask.

Going on vacation? Look for a place where pollen is low, such as the beach.

Change your clothing when you come indoors. Shower and wash your hair first.

5 Ways to Keep Pollen Out of Your Home

1. Close your windows and outside doors.

2. Don’t use window or attic fans during pollen season. Use air-conditioning instead.

3. Roll up your car windows when driving.

4. Dry clothing and bedding in the dryer. Don't hang them outside.

5. Remember that pets can bring in pollen on their fur, too. Don't allow pets that spend time outdoors in your bedroom.

New Face of Heroin

I just found a hypodermic on my walk through the park.

"Kids today don't feel part of anything," says Jessi Farnsworth, who works at HowardCenter, an organization that runs treatment clinics in Vermont. "People need to feel appreciated, that their contribution is important. When people feel isolated, it's easy to want an escape from reality."

Read more

I Love Rebecca Solnit


Detective Jimmy Allen

She offered one other: “They’ve been getting such bad press, the police. It’s a tough job and most aren’t racist. They have to make hard decisions every day.”

And it’s more dangerous, she said, than almost anyone realizes.

When I asked if talking about it would help give closure, she said she doesn’t agree with that word.

“It doesn’t close,” said Marge. “It doesn’t go away. It never will.”


City Firepits are Dangerous

We had a tenement neighbor who loved to have bonfires in our parking lot. Last year, on the day after Mother's Day, a Monday morning, it spontaneously combusted. Luckily he caught it and put it out. Article

Let People Love You

I said this to a friend who is just like me:

Sometimes when we feel unworthy we try to lobby our cause convincing ourselves and others that we are deep down unworthy of love and compassion, and we are in fact a truly awful person impostor disguised as being lovable. Let people love you!

Don't be a control freak! Let the love shine through.

The Richness of the Poor


The Wealth of the Poor: How Valuing Every Neighbor Restores Hope in Our Cities 2013

A compelling memoir by an urban minister and community development practitioner with more than thirty years of experience in the field.

Larry James appeared to be exactly where he was supposed to be--ministering with a large, suburban Dallas church. Then came the intriguing invitation to move his ministry to inner city Dallas among some of the ''poorest'' people in the community. Encouraged by his wife, Brenda, to follow the truth he had so often shared as a pastor, Larry accepted.

As the new director of a food pantry, Larry was quickly overwhelmed, and one day when trying to communicate with Spanish-speaking families, he asked a woman named Josefina to help translate. She had come for assistance, but Josefina ended up helping Larry that day, and the next. She came back the next day for nine years.

Since that day Josefina began helping two decades ago, Larry has been asking neighbors to help solve their own problems, and this new way of serving side by side has transformed a small food pantry into one of the largest non-profit food distributors in the world. With a budget of fourteen million dollars annually, the organization--now called CitySquare--also develops housing for the formerly homeless and manages health clinics and community medical outreach in economically depressed and under-served places like East and South Dallas.

This is an organizational success story you expect to see in the Wall Street Journal, and yet it is like no other. The author's own journey provides the platform from which he provides a practical, theological, market-savvy manual written for others who find themselves living, serving, and investing in the work of urban transformation. Using the foundation of Jesus' teaching and love for the poor, the book shows practical and visionary ways Christ's teaching can be made real.

History of Laos

After yesterday's inspiring people and generous feast I am interested in learning more and how to cook Laotian food.


And here

Vandalized Billboard

I look like a vandalized billboard!! Its time. I'm celebrating Patroit's Day by bleaching my mustache. Vanity finally won me over. I'm not adorable enough to pull it off like my friend G's beautiful teenage daughters.
I've never dyed my hair it's changing on its own! and I am allergic to make up. My vanity is there but it has to compromise.
I love lipstick. I love to be fit and trim. I love my legs!
I love to wear purple and black and red.
I have black eyebrows, blue eyes silver wringlets and a long torso. My dog is the long legged sexy blonde.

Enjoy Melody Moezzi

An article by Melody Moezzi A Persian in Therapy NYT

Melody Moezzi is a writer, attorney, speaker, activist, and award-winning author. She is also a United Nations Global Expert and an Opinion Leader for the British Council’s Our Shared Future initiative. Her latest book, the critically acclaimed Haldol and Hyacinths: A Bipolar Life, was recently released in paperback, and her first book, War on Error: Real Stories of American Muslims, earned her a Georgia Author of the Year Award in 2007.

Moezzi is a blogger for the Huffington Post and Ms. Magazine, and a featured columnist and blogger for bp [Bipolar] Magazine. Her writing has appeared in The New York Times, the Washington Post, The Guardian, and The Christian Science Monitor among other outlets. She has also appeared on many radio and television programs, including NPR, PRI, CNN, BBC and others.

Moezzi is a graduate of Wesleyan University and the Emory University School of Law, as well as the Emory University Rollins School of Public Health. She lives in Raleigh, NC.

For more information and links to more of her work, please visit and follower her on Twitter (@MelodyMoezzi).

More here.

The Waste Land

T.S. Eliot (1888–1965).

The Waste Land


APRIL is the cruellest month, breeding
Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing
Memory and desire, stirring
Dull roots with spring rain.
Winter kept us warm, covering
Earth in forgetful snow, feeding
A little life with dried tubers.
Summer surprised us, coming over the Starnbergersee
With a shower of rain; we stopped in the colonnade,
And went on in sunlight, into the Hofgarten,
And drank coffee, and talked for an hour.
Bin gar keine Russin, stamm’ aus Litauen, echt deutsch.
And when we were children, staying at the archduke’s,
My cousin’s, he took me out on a sled,
And I was frightened. He said, Marie,
Marie, hold on tight. And down we went.
In the mountains, there you feel free.
I read, much of the night, and go south in the winter.